Originally posted by Ren
Oh, that… I believe his theory to be right. I don’t restrain myself from doing bad stuff for nothing. I don’t do bad stuff 'cause I don’t wanna be punished. It’s part of the human mind.
Well then- if you say the latter statement then you do not agree with his theory. Your attitude about morality, according to Kohlberg, is mostly attributed to young children. They usually grow out of it.
The other stages (yeah, I’m going to copy verbatum from my psych book now- I’m glad that I read ahead… other than the fact psychology is VERY interesting):
Stage 1: Punishment orientation. Actions are evaluated in terms of possible punishment, not goodness or badness; obedience to power is emphasized.
Stage 2: Pleasure-seeking orientation. Proper action is determined by one’s own needs; concern for the needs of others is largely a matter of “You scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours,” not of loyalty, gratitude, or justice.
Stage 3: Good boy/good girl orientation. Good behavior is that which pleases others in the immediate group or which brings approval; the emphasis is on being “nice.”
Stage 4: Authority orientation. In this stage the emphasis is on upholding law, order, and authority; doing one’s duty; and following the social rules.
Stage 5: Social-contract orientation. Support of laws and rules is based on rational analysis and mutual agreement; rules are recognized as open to question but are upheld for the good of the community and in the name of democratic values.
Stage 6: Morality of individual principles. Behavior is directed by self-chosen ethical principles that tend to be general, comprehensive, or universal; high value is placed on justice, dignity, and equality.
Whether or not I agree with the theory is another story- but right now it makes you look kinda silly. >_>
EDIT: “The preconventional stages (1 and 2) are most characteristic of young children and delinquents. Conventional, group-oriented morals of stages 3 and 4 are typical of older children and most adults. Kohlberg estimated that only about 20 percent of the adult population achieves postconventional morality, representing self-direction and higher principles.”
DOUBLE EDIT: Heck, I’ll even give you the classical example used for this type of morality:
A woman was near death from Cancer, and there was only one drug that might save her. It was discovered by a druggist who was charging 10 times what it cost to make the drug. The sick woman’s husband could only pay $1,000, but the druggist wanted $2,000. He asked the druggist to sell it cheaper or to let him pay later. The druggist said no. So the husband became desperate and broke into the store to steal the drug for his wife. Should he have done that? Was it right or wrong? Why?